Hubertus Strughold coined the term 'space medicine'. He developed the first pressurized space cabin simulator and published the Journal of Aviation Medicine. When he immigrated to the United States under Paperclip, Strughold joined the staff of the USAF School of Aviation Medicine in Randolph, Texas as the first and only professor of space medicine. In-depth analysis of the fundamental studies of acceleration, noise and vibration, atmospheric control, nutrition, weightlessness, visual disturbances, and disruption of normal time cycles were initiated under his leadership. Stughold was then hired as the Director of the Aeromedical Research Institute, providing medical certification, education, research, and occupational medicine. The Brooks Air Force Base named a library in his honor and his picture is engraved into a glass mural surrounded by some of the greatest medical luminaries in the nation, including Marie Curie. The scientific community rewarded Strughold for his achievements by naming an award in his honor. The Hubertus Strughold Award is given annually to the top scientist or clinician for outstanding work in aviation.